Perbandingan Hukum Kewarisan Mawâni’ Irtsi dan Dzaw Al-Arham dalam Kompilasi Hukum Islam dan Undang-Undang Waris Mesir


This study aims to compare the inheritance law in Egypt with the existing inheritance law in the compilation of Islamic law in Indonesia. More specifically, this comparative study focuses on the issue of mawani’ irtsi (barrier of inheritance) and inheritance of dzaw arham (relatives of male or female). This is a qualitative research based on library research. The content analysis method is used to describe mawani’ irtsi and dhaw arham in the inheritance laws of Egypt and Indonesia. The results of this study indicate differences between the inheritance laws of Egypt and Indonesia; first: the compilation of Indonesian inheritance law always adjusts to the times, while the Egyptian inheritance law is still traditional by maintaining the views of classical scholars. This is evident when it explained one barrier to inheritance namely religious differences; second: Indonesian inheritance legal material explored classical books, studied modern legislation, and observed local traditions. This can be seen when it explained that men and women get the same share as long as the basis of their agreement. While Egyptian inheritance laws do not take into account modern legislation and do not adopt local traditions; third: the material description in the compilation of inheritance law in Indonesia is concise and sometimes general in nature while the description of the material inheritance law of Egypt is more detailed. This is seen when it explained one of the barrier of inheritance is intentionally killing an heir. In the inheritance law of Egypt, it is explained in detail about types of killings which are a barrier to inheritance, while in the compilation of Indonesian inheritance law is explained in general.