Efektivitas Program Baznas Microfinance di Desa Bojong Rangkas Ciampea Bogor


Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) are proven to have played a role in economic development and growth, not only in developing countries but in developed countries as well. MSMEs are very important because this business sector absorbs more workers than large businesses. However, there is one problem faced by MSMEs in all countries, namely limited capital, which is mainly due to small or no access to banks or other financial institutions. In this case, zakat distributed to mustahiq will act as a supporter of their economic improvement if allocated to productive activities. The National Amil Zakat Agency (BAZNAS) is a zakat management institution established by the government that distributes zakat funds productively through a program, namely Baznas Microfinance. This study aims to determine how effective the Baznas Microfinance Desa program is in disbursing funds, to find out how effective the Baznas Microfinance Desa program is to improve MSME skills, and to find out what obstacles are faced by BMD Bojong Rangkas. This research is a qualitative research with a qualitative descriptive approach. Data collection techniques using interviews and documentation. Interviews were conducted with Baznas Microfinance in Bojong Rangkas Village. The results of the study show that Baznas Microfinance Desa provides loans only to zakat mustahik whose income is less than the minimum wage and the allocation is only for business. The maximum limit for applying for a loan is Rp. 2.500.000;- After getting a loan, there will also be a mentoring process carried out by BMD such as financial management training, product photos, marketing training, business development. Constraints faced by BMD Bojong Rangkas are the incompatibility of partners with the initial realization, delays in paying installments, and also many mustahik who do not know that in this program there is a business assistance process.