Altitude Factors Affect Dengue Fever Cases in South Sulawesi: A Study Using Poisson Inverse Gaussian Regression Model


Poisson regression is used to model enumeration data such as data on the number of DHF cases. This model has the assumption that is fulfilled is the average and the variance must have the same value or it is called the equidispersion. But this assumption is not fulfilled because the data on the number of dengue cases experienced violations of this assumption. The violation is that the average value is smaller than the variance value or it is called overdispersion. This results in incorrect conclusions because the prediction standard error is underestimated. The way to prevent this is by combining the Poisson distribution and discrete or continuous distribution, this combination is called Mixed Poisson Distribution. Researchers use one of the Mixed Poisson methods, namely Inverse Gaussian Poisson Regression (PIG) because the method is used when the data is overdispersed and the parameters are known or close form on the likelihood function. Based on the results of the study, it is known that the height of the area   is a factor that significantly influences DHF cases in South Sulawesi.