K-Nearest Neighbor Classification for Detection of The Effect of Game Addiction on Cognitive Activity in The Late Adolescent Phase based on Brainwave Signals


World Health Organization (WHO) has determined that Gaming disorder is included in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). The behavior of playing digital games included in the Gaming disorder category is characterized by impaired control of the game, increasing the priority given to the game more than other activities insofar as the game takes precedence over other daily interests and activities, and the continuation or improvement of the game despite negative consequences. The influence of video games on children's development has always been a polemic because in adolescence not only adopts cognitive abilities in learning activities, but also various strategies related to managing activities in learning, playing and socializing to improve cognitive abilities. Therefore, this research was conducted to analyze the cognitive activity of late teens in learning and playing games based on brainwave signals and to find out the impact of games on cognitive activity in adolescents. Prediction of the effect of the game on cognitive activity will be done by applying Fast Fourier Transform for feature extraction and K-Nearest Neighbor for classification. The results of the expert assessment showed the percentage of respondents with superior cognitive category but game addiction was 63.3% and respondents with cognitive categorization were average but were addicted by 36.6%. The percentage of accuracy produced by the system shows 80% in games and cognitive by using k values of 1, 6, and 7. The correlation test results show a percentage of 0.089, so it is concluded that there is no influence of the game on cognitive activity in late adolescents.