K-Fold Cross Validation for Selection of Cardiovascular Disease Diagnosis Features by Applying Rule-Based Datamining


Coronary heart disease is a disease that often causes human death, occurs when there is atherosclerosis blocking blood flow to the heart muscle in the coronary arteries. The doctor's referral method for diagnosing coronary heart disease is coronary angiography, but it is invasive, high risk and expensive. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of implementing the k-Fold Cross Validation (CV) dataset on the rule-based feature selection to diagnose coronary heart disease, using the Cleveland heart disease dataset. The research conducted a feature selection using a medical expert-based (MFS) and computer-based method, namely the Variable Precision Rough Set (VPRS), which is the development of the Rough Set theory. Evaluation of classification performance using the k-Fold method of 10-Fold, 5-Fold and 3-Fold. The results of the study are the number of attributes of the feature selection results are different in each Fold, both for the VPRS and MFS methods, for accuracy values obtained from the average accuracy resulting from 10-Fold, 5-Fold and 3-Fold. The result was the highest accuracy value in the VPRS method 76.34% with k = 5, while the MTF accuracy was 71.281% with k = 3. So, the k-fold implementation for this case is less effective, because the division of data is still structured, according to the order of records that apply in each fold, while the amount of testing data is too small and too structured. This affects the results of the accuracy because the testing rules are not thoroughly represented