Comparative Study of KNN, SVM and SR Classifiers in Recognizing Arabic Handwritten Characters Employing Feature Fusion


This paper evaluates and compares the performance of K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN), Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Sparse Representation Classifier (SRC) for recognition of isolated Arabic handwritten characters. The proposed framework converts the gray-scale character image to a binary image through Otsu thresholding, and size-normalizes the binary image for feature extraction. Next, we exploit image down-sampling and the histogram of image gradients as features for image classification and apply fusion (combination) of these features to improve the recognition accuracy. The performance of the proposed system is evaluated on Isolated Farsi/Arabic Handwritten Character Database (IFHCDB) – a large dataset containing gray scale character images. Experimental results reveal that the histogram of gradient consistently outperforms down-sampling based features, and the fusion of these two feature sets achieves the best performance. Likewise, SRC and SVM both outperform KNN, with the latter performing the best among the three. Finally, we achieved a commanding accuracy of 93.71% in character recognition with fusion of features classified by SVM