THE KINGDOM OF SRIWIJAYA IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION AND THE ECONOMY IN NUSANTARA BEFORE 1500 AD
This study focuses attention on the history of the Sriwijaya Kingdom which is the oldest kingdom in the Malay Land and is considered as the kingdom with the greatest maritime power in the middle of the 7th century. As a former large empire, the inscriptions of the Sriwijaya Kingdom were valued by many researchers as very little compared to the kingdoms on Java. This makes it difficult for researchers when going to explore the traces of the history of standing and traces of his government. The expansion of the entire archipelago territory by the Sriwijaya Kingdom was not only in the context of expanding the territory but also had economic motives and controlled the international trade routes. This study also discusses the economic development, civilization, and the process of entry of Islam in Sriwijaya until the emergence of an Islamic political entity that came to be known as the Palembang Darussalam Sultanate.