MALAY ISLAMIC POLITICAL TRADITION AND RELEVANCE BUILDING GOOD GOVERNANCE IN INDONESIA: STUDY OF RAJA ALI HAJI 1808-1873
Relevance thought Raja Ali Haji to the governance system in Indonesia today, among others, can be seen from the criteria of an ideal leader: first, fulfill the requirements according to Islamic law, namely; Muslim, male, puberty, intelligent, fair/ not wicked (consistent in implementing the rules of Islam), able to carry out the mandate and leadership. Second, the power to make the country independent/ self-reliant. Third, make the security of Muslims in this country is the security of Islam. Fourth, implement Islam simultaneously and comprehensively. Fifth, preventing disintegration and unify the territories of Muslims that have crumbled, not only in Indonesia, but in the whole world, so that Muslims are strong and united in one force. Seeing the condition of the state government system in Indonesia at this time, although different from the form of government desired by Raja Ali Haji is sufficient in accordance with expectations, if we refer to the leaders elected to run the government, ie those who have been entrusted by the people as leaders. Elected leaders are expected to voice their concerns, so that the well-being and comfort can be felt. It is true there is no doubt that the concept of rule by Raja Ali Haji, there are some that do not conform with the concept of governance in Indonesia. Because, in Indonesia, although the majority of the population are Muslims, but also non-Islamic religions grow and develop properly in the spirit of tolerance is high. While the concept of rule by Raja Ali Haji ideal is based on Shari'ah. If this is implemented, the existence of discrimination against other religions.