FILOSOFI ZAT DAN MATERI MENURUT JABIR BIN HAYYAN (Aspek Kimiawi Dari Studi Filosofis terhadap Naskah Mukhtâr Rasâ`il )


<p><em>This </em><em>study u</em><em>se</em><em>d</em><em> qualitative research method includes a study of literature, analysis descriptive method, historical and philosophical approach by considering substantial and functional relation between information and opinion from Jabir Ibn Hayyan’s </em><em>manuscripts, </em><em>‘Mukhtâr Rasâ’il vol. 1 (</em><em>collected </em><em>by Paul Kraus, 1935). Even though </em><em>he </em><em>was influenced by mysticism, Jabir categorized as a pioneer of modern chemistry knowledge with empirical principle and scientific method base on experiment, contrary to the development was inclined of speculative rational at the time, mixing with Greek mysticism. </em><em>His </em><em>concept of atom is more advanced than Democritus atomism, parallel to Dalton’s atomic theory. </em><em>His </em><em>concept </em><em>of </em><em>Mizan mixing mysticism influence and cosmology, compounding quantitative and qualitative aspects of chemistry processes. Jabir used chemistry technique such as distillation, evaporation, sublimation, filtration, metal mixture, calcinations and so on.</em><strong><em></em></strong></p><p><strong> </strong></p>